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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 155-160

Relationship of demoralization with anxiety, depression, and demographics of Chinese dialysis patients

1 Department of Nursing, Huizhou First Hospital, Huizhou, Guangdong Province, China
2 Dialysis Center, Huizhou First Hospital, Huizhou, Guangdong Province, China
3 Department of Nephrology, Huizhou First Hospital, Huizhou, Guangdong Province, China

Correspondence Address:
Lei Gao
Dialysis Center, Huizhou First Hospital, No. 20, Sanxinnan Road, Huicheng District, Huizhou 516000, Guangdong Province
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jin.jin_46_21

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Objective: The purpose of this study is to investigate the demoralization level of dialysis patients in China and analyze the influencing factors. Materials and Methods: A convenience sample of 278 dialysis patients from a tertiary hospital participated in a cross-sectional descriptive study using a structured questionnaire including assessments of demographic data, Demoralization Scale-II (DS-II), and Hospital Anxiety and Depression Scale. The main analysis consisted of descriptive statistics, correlation coefficients, and multiple linear regression. Results: The mean standard deviation DS-II score was 11.87 (7.72). Dialysis patients had a high level of demoralization. Findings from multiple linear regression indicated that demoralization was positively correlated with marital status (β = 0.141; P = 0.001), employment status (β = 0.113; P = 0.006), anxiety (β = 0.393; P < 0.001), and depression (β = 0.224; P < 0.001). These variables explained 57.1% of the variance in patient demoralization. Conclusions: Demoralization is common in dialysis patients and is associated with marital status, employment status, anxiety, and depression. Health-care providers might regularly assess demoralization in dialysis patients, and develop related interventions to improve the quality of life.

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