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Year : 2021  |  Volume : 3  |  Issue : 4  |  Page : 170-175

Self-management of cataract extraction among diabetes patients

1 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Adeleke University, Ede, Osun State, Nigeria
2 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Federal University Oye Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria
3 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Babcock University, Illisha-Remo, Ogun State, Nigeria
4 Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Achievers University, Owo, Ondo State, Nigeria
5 Department of Clinical Nursing Science, O.A.U T.H.C, Ile-Ife, Osun State, Nigeria
6 Department of Community Health Nursing, School of Nursing Abeokuta, Ogun State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Olaolorunpo Olorunfemi
Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Federal University Oye-Ekiti, Ekiti State
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None

DOI: 10.4103/jin.jin_39_21

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Background: Diabetes-related cataract extraction is a minor surgery required to regain full vision. One of the recognized factors that can delay or prevent full-vision recovery is poor management, and most of this management is being carried out by patients themselves. Objective: This study aimed to assess the knowledge of diabetes patients on self-management after cataract extraction in two tertiary hospitals in Osun State. Methods: A cross-sectional descriptive design was conducted among 97 diabetes patients who underwent cataract extraction and were attending clinics and follow-up visits in Osun State. A self-structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Results: Moderate knowledge was found among the participants on an appropriate diet (56.7%), prevention of injury risk (57.5%), prevention of infection risk (50.9%), and low knowledge on the technique of administration of eye drop (60.8%) after cataract extraction, whereas 74.7% of the total respondents were knowledgeable on the indication for follow-up visit after cataract extraction, these results were found to be below the expected knowledge level. Conclusion: An intensive and comprehensive educational initiative by nurses should be tailored to meet the specific needs of diabetes patients with cataract surgery. Nurses also need to implement the use of checklist which will enhance learning and improve patient understanding of self-management after cataract extraction.

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