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ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year : 2022  |  Volume : 4  |  Issue : 2  |  Page : 59-67

Treatment satisfaction and medication adherence among hypertensive patients in a teaching hospital in Ekiti State, Nigeria


Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State, Nigeria

Correspondence Address:
Oluwaseyi Abiodun Akpor
Department of Nursing Science, College of Medicine and Health Sciences, Afe Babalola University, PMB 5454, Ado-Ekiti, Ekiti State
Nigeria
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Source of Support: None, Conflict of Interest: None


DOI: 10.4103/jin.jin_4_22

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Objective: This study investigates treatment satisfaction and medication adherence among hypertensive patients attending the medical outpatient clinic of a teaching hospital in Ekiti State, Nigeria. Materials and Methods: The study design was descriptive and cross-sectional using quantitative research strategy. A systematic sampling technique was used in selecting 270 participants; a structured questionnaire was used for data collection. Medication adherence was assessed using the 8-item Morisky Medication Adherence Scale, and treatment satisfaction was assessed using the 14-item Treatment Satisfaction Questionnaire for Medication. Results: The study findings revealed that majority (73.7%) of the study participants had good knowledge of hypertension, while 44.4% had a good level of treatment satisfaction. Test of association of participants' sociodemographic characteristics revealed age (χ2 = 23.773, P = 0.003) and occupation (χ2 = 21.251, P = 0.019) to be significantly associated with treatment satisfaction. The level of medication adherence by the participants was observed to be relatively poor (50.4%). The educational status (χ2 = 23.914, P = 0.001) and monthly income (χ2 = 10.406, P = 0.034) of the participants showed significant association with medication adherence. Conclusion: The study recommends that improving patients' understanding of their disease and treatment with subsidizing hypertensive medications by the government will enhance medication adherence.


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